Nominal classification in Asheninka Perene (Arawak)

Elena I Mihas


The study describes nominal classification in Ashéninka Perené, of the Kampan subgrouping of Arawak and presents preliminary results from fieldwork data collected in Ashéninka communities of southeastern Peru. The results show that Ashéninka Perené has three systems of nominal classification, (i) class and measure terms, (ii) noun and verbal classifiers, and (iii) a gender-based classification system. Noun classifiers categorize nouns in terms of their shape, dimensionality, and consistency; the categorization of verbal classifiers is based on the semantic parameters of shape, dimensionality, arrangement, and amount.

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