Lenition and morphology in Finnish

Kaden Holladay


This paper investigates an interaction between consonant lenition and morphology in Finnish. The language has a process of consonant lenition whereby underlying geminate consonants at syllable boundaries lenite (degeminate) when the addition of an affix makes the post-geminate rime bimoraic. A small class of possessor agreement affixes do not condition lenition, even if they create the appropriate phonological environment. A puzzling interaction emerges when possessor agreement affixes are stacked on top of certain lenition-conditioning affixes. I account for this interaction in a way that improves on Kiparsky’s (2003) analysis. In doing so, I extend Pater’s (2010) method for modeling exceptional phonology via lexically-indexed constraints.


Finnish; lenition; morphology; phonology; lexically-indexed constraints

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.3765/plsa.v4i1.4503

Copyright (c) 2019 Kaden Holladay

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