Begging for bags: BAG-raising and prescriptive ideologies in Spokane Washington

Drew Crosby, Amanda Dalola


Prevelar raising, the raising of /æ/ and /ɛ/ before /g/ and /ŋ/, has been noted during the last decade as a feature of Pacific Northwest English (PNWE). Previous research has focused mainly on gender and age as predictors, revealing a complex interplay that generally points to a decline in usage among younger generations. The present research reveals contradictory findings and identifies a novel category in the debate—speaker attitude towards the variable – which is found to condition itmore robustly than other established predictors.


BAG-raising; Washington State English; Pacific Northwest English; linguistic ideologies; BAG-tensing; prescriptivism; prevelar raising

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Copyright (c) 2020 Drew Crosby, Amanda Dalola

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