Ellipsis, Parallelism, and Polarity

Luka Crnic


We explore the distribution of polarity items in antecedents of VP el- lipsis. We show that the data can be derived from (i) the assumption that parts of polarity items are not interpreted in situ (cf., e.g., Lahiri 1998) and (ii) the standard assumptions about parallelism in ellipsis licensing (e.g., Rooth 1992, Fox 2000).

Full Text:



Aloni, Maria. 2007. Free choice, modals, and imperatives. Natural Language Semantics 15(1). 65–94.

Bar-Lev, Moshe & Daniel Margulis. 2013. Hebrew kol: a universal quantifier as an undercover existential. In U. Etxeberria, A. Falaus, A. Irurtzun & B. Leferman (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 18, 60–76.

Chierchia, Gennaro. 2013. Logic in Grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Collins, Chris & Paul Postal. 2014. Classical NEG Raising. Cambride, MA: MIT Press.

Crnicˇ, Luka. 2013. How to get even with desires and imperatives. In Eva Csipak, Regine Eckardt & Manfred Sailer (eds.), Beyond any and ever, Mouton de Gruyter.

Crnicˇ, Luka. 2014. Non-Monotonicity in NPI Licensing. Natural Language Semantics 22(2). 169–217.

Dayal, Veneeta. 1998. Any as inherently modal. Linguistics and philosophy 21(5). 433–476.

Dayal, Veneeta. 2013. A viability constraint on alternatives for free choice. In A. Falaus (ed.), Alternatives in Semantics, 88–122. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fox, Danny. 2000. Economy and semantic interpretation. MIT Press.

Fox, Danny. 2007. Free choice and the theory of scalar implicatures. In Uli Sauerland & Penka Stateva (eds.), Presupposition and Implicature in Compositional

Semantics, 71–120. Palgrave Macmillan.

Fox, Danny & Benjamin Spector. 2009. Economy and Embedded Exhaustification. Handout from a talk at Cornell. MIT & ENS.

Han, Chung-Hye & Maribel Romero. 2004. On negative yes/no questions. Linguistics and Philosophy 27. 609–658.

Heim, Irene. 1997. Predicates or formulas? evidence from ellipsis. In Aaron Lawson & Eun Cho (eds.), Proceedings of SALT 7, 197—221. Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications.

Heim, Irene & Angelika Kratzer. 1998. Semantics in generative grammar. Blackwell.

Krifka, Manfred. 1995. The semantics and pragmatics of weak and strong polarity items. Linguistic Analysis 25. 209–257.

Ladusaw, William. 1979. Polarity Sensitivity as Inherent Scope Relations: University of Texas, Austin dissertation.

Lahiri, Utpal. 1998. Focus and negative polarity in Hindi. Natural Language Semantics 6. 57–123.

Lee, Young-Suk & Laurence R. Horn. 1994. Any as indefinite + even. Tech. rep. 19 Yale University.

Linebarger, Marcia C. 1987. Negative polarity and grammatical representation. Linguistics and Philosophy 10(3). 325–387.

Menéndez-Benito, Paula. 2010. On universal free choice items. Natural Language Semantics 18(1). 33–64.

Merchant, Jason. 2013. Polarity items under ellipsis. In Lisa Lai-Shen Cheng & Norbert Corver (eds.), Diagnosing Syntax, 441–462. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rooth, Mats. 1985. Association with focus: University of Massachusetts, Amherst dissertation.

Rooth, Mats. 1992. Ellipsis redundancy and reduction redundancy. In Steve Berman & Arild Hestvik (eds.), Proceedings of the Stuttgart Ellipsis Workshop, .

Rothschild, Daniel. 2006. Non-monotonic NPI-licensing, definite descriptions, and grammaticalized implicatures. In M. Gibson & J. Howell (eds.), Proceedings of SALT 16, 228–240. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.

Sag, Ivan. 1976. Deletion and logical form: Massachusetts Institute of Technology dissertation.

Singh, Raj, Ken Wexler, Andrea Astle, Deepthi Kamawar & Danny Fox. 2013. Disjunction, acquisition, and the theory of scalar implicatures. Manuscript, Carleton University, MIT, Hebrew University Jerusalem.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3765/salt.v25i0.3204

Copyright (c) 2015 Luka Crnic