Presuppositions and salience: An experimental approach

Jacques Jayez, Robert Reinecke

Abstract


We present an EEG-based experimental investigation on additive dis course continuations of factive sentences according to a pattern: "Paul knows that Peter takes the bus. Louis too takes/knows . . ." . We want to determine whether reference to the main content (with "knows") or to the presupposition (with "takes") elicits a different brain response. We conclude from the data that there is no trace of electrical waveforms usually associated with deviation from a norm or reprocessing, although there is an observable moderate contrast in the 250-400 ms time window at frontal sites, which is in need of controlled replication to be properly interpreted.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bibtex format

@article{wangreview:2014,

title = {A review on the cognitive function of information structure during language comprehension},

volume = {8},

issn = {1871-4080},

doi = {10.1007/s11571-014-9305-1},

abstract = {During communication, information structure can be used to highlight the most relevant piece of information, so that sufficient amount of attention can be allocated to the most important information. This paper aims to review the cognitive function of information structure during language comprehension from a neurocognitve perspective. First, we gave a brief introduction to the concept of information structure that has been studied mostly in linguistic field. Then we introduced recent studies on information structure using electrophysiological and neuroimaging techniques. After that, we discussed the relationship between attention and language processing more generally. Finally, we discussed potential directions for future studies.},

language = {eng},

number = {5},

journal = {Cogn Neurodyn},

author = {Wang, Lin and Li, Xiaoqing and Yang, Yufang},

month = oct,

year = {2014},

pmid = {25206929},

pmcid = {PMC4155063},

keywords = {Attention, ERP, fMRI, Focus, Information structure, Language processing},

pages = {353--361}

}

@InCollection{JayezOrth:2015,

author = {Jayez, Jacques},

title = {Orthogonality and Presuppositions: A {B}ayesian Perspective},

booktitle = {Bayesian Natural Language Semantics and Pragmatics},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

pages = {145-178},

publisher = {Springer},

year = {2015},

editor = {Zeevat, Henk and Schmitz, Hans-Christian},

OPTvolume = {},

number = {2},

series = {Language, Cognition, and Mind},

doi ={10.1007/978-3-319-17064-0_7},

OPTtype = {type},

OPTchapter = {chapter},

address = {Switzerland},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{Cowlesetal:2007,

author = {H. Wind Cowles and Robert Kluender and Marta Kutas and Maria Polinsky},

title = {Violations of information structure: An electrophysiological study of answers to wh-questions},

journal = {Brain and Language},

year = {2007},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {102},

number = {2},

pages = {228-242},

doi = {10.1016/j.bandl.2007.04.004},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Book{Potts:2005,

author = {Christopher Potts},

ALTeditor = {editor},

title = {The Logic of Conventional Implicatures},

publisher = {Oxford University Press},

year = {2005},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

series = {Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics},

address = {Oxford},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Book{Ducrot:1972,

author = {Oswald Ducrot},

ALTeditor = {editor},

title = {Dire et ne pas dire},

publisher = {Hermann},

year = {1972},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

address = {Paris},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{Grimshaw:1979,

author = {Jane Grimshaw},

title = {Complement selection and the lexicon},

journal = {Linguistic Inquiry},

year = {1979},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {10},

number = {2},

pages = {279-326},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

(1990). . Cambridge (MA): MIT Press.

@Book{ChierchiaMCG:1990,

author = {Chierchia, Gennaro and McConnell-Ginet, Sally},

ALTeditor = {editor},

title = {Meaning and Grammar:

An Introduction to Semantics},

publisher = {MIT Press},

year = {1990},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

address = {Cambridge (MA)},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@InCollection{BeaverandGeurts:2013,

author = {Beaver, David I. and Geurts, Bart},

title = {Presupposition},

booktitle = {The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2013 Edition)},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTpages = {pages},

OPTpublisher = {publisher},

year = {2013},

editor = {Edward N. Zalta},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

OPTtype = {type},

OPTchapter = {chapter},

url = {http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2013/entries/presupposition/},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Book{Geurts:1999,

author = {Bart Geurts},

ALTeditor = {editor},

title = {Presuppositions and Pronouns},

publisher = {Elsevier},

year = {1999},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

number = {3},

series = {Current Research in the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface},

address = {Oxford},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

(1974). . In (eds.), . New York: New York

University Press, pp. 197-214.

@InCollection{Stalnaker:1974,

author = {Stalnaker, Robert},

title = {Pragmatic presuppositions},

booktitle = {Semantics and Philosophy},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

pages = {197-214},

publisher = {New York University Press},

year = {1974},

editor = {Milton K. Munitz and Peter Unger},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

OPTtype = {type},

OPTchapter = {chapter},

address = {New York},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{Abbott:2008,

author = {Barbara Abbott},

title = {Presuppositions and common ground},

journal = {Linguistics and Philosophy},

year = {2008},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {21},

OPTnumber = {number},

pages = {523-538},

doi = {10.1007/s10988-008-9048-8},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{Stalnaker:2008,

author = {Robert Stalnaker},

title = {A response to {A}bbott on presupposition and common

ground},

journal = {Linguistics and Philosophy},

year = {2008},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {31},

OPTnumber = {number},

pages = {539-544},

doi ={10.1007/s10988-008-9047-9},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{Stalnaker:2002,

author = {Robert Stalnaker},

title = {Common ground},

journal = {Linguistics and Philosophy},

year = {2002},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {25},

OPTnumber = {number},

pages = {701-721},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@InProceedings{Szabo:2006,

author = {Zolt'{a}n Gender Szab'{o}},

title = {COMMENTS ON {K}AI VON {F}INTEL'S PAPER},

booktitle = {Workshop on Presupposition Accommodation},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTpages = {pages},

year = {2006},

OPTeditor = {editor},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTorganization = {organization},

address = {October 13th - October 15th, 2006. Ohio State University},

OPTpublisher = {publisher},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@InProceedings{vonFintel:2006,

author = {Kai von Fintel},

title = {What is presupposition accommodation, again?},

booktitle = {Workshop on Presupposition Accommodation},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTpages = {pages},

year = {2006},

OPTeditor = {editor},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTorganization = {organization},

address = {October 13th - October 15th, 2006. Ohio State University},

OPTpublisher = {publisher},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Book{Wooldridge:2000,

author = {Michael Wooldridge},

ALTeditor = {editor},

title = {Reasoning about Rational Agents},

publisher = {MIT Press},

year = {2000},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

address = {Cambridge (MA)},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Book{Ginzburg:2012,

author = {Jonathan Ginzburg},

ALTeditor = {editor},

title = {The Interactive Stance. Meaning for Conversation},

publisher = {Oxford University Press},

year = {2012},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

address = {Oxford},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@article{Roberts:2012,

Author = {Craige Roberts},

Title = {Information structure in discourse: Towards an integrated formal theory of pragmatics},

Journal = {Semantics and Pragmatics},

Volume = {5},

Number = {6},

OPTMonth = {December},

Pages = {1--69},

DOI = {10.3765/sp.5.6},

OPTKeywords = {discourse, pragmatics, context of utterance, question under discussion, relevance, focus},

Note = {This is a reissue of a 1998 version to be found at url{http://ling.osu.edu/~croberts/infostr.pdf}},

Year = {2012}}

@InProceedings{Simonsetal:2011,

author = {Simons, Mandy and Tonhauser, Judith and Beaver, David and Roberts, Craige},

title = {What {P}rojects and {Why}},

booktitle = {Semantics and {L}inguistic {T}heory (SALT) 20},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

pages = {309-327},

year = {2011},

editor = {Li, Nan and Lutz, David},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

OPTseries = {series},

OPTaddress = {address},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTorganization = {organization},

publisher = {eLanguage},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Book{KrifkaMusan:2012,

ALTauthor = {author},

editor = {Krifka, Manfred and Musan, Renate},

title = {The Expression of Information Structure},

publisher = {De Gruyter Mouton},

year = {2012},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {5},

OPTnumber = {number},

series = {The Expression of Cognitive Categories},

address = {Berlin, New York},

doi = {10.1515/9783110261608},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Book{ES:2007,

author = {Nomi Erteschik-Shir},

ALTeditor = {editor},

title = {Information Structure. The Syntax-Discourse Interface},

publisher = {Oxford University Press},

year = {2007},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

series = {Oxford Surveys in Syntax and Morphology},

address = {New York},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@phdthesis{Poulsen:2005,

title = "Sentence processing and grammaticality in functional linguistics: extraction in Danish as an example",

author = "Mads Poulsen",

year = "2005",

publisher = "Department of Nordic Studies and Linguistics, University of Copenhagen, 2005.",

}

@Book{Luck:2014,

author = {Steven Luck},

ALTeditor = {editor},

title = {An Introduction to the Event-Related Potential Technique},

publisher = {MIT Press},

year = {2014},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

series = {A Bradford Book},

address = {Cambridge (MA), London},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Book{HbookofERPs:2011,

ALTauthor = {author},

editor = {Emily S. Kappenman and Steven J. Luck},

title = {The Oxford Handbook of Event-Related Potentials},

publisher = {Oxford University Press},

year = {2011},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTvolume = {volume},

OPTnumber = {number},

series = {Oxford Library of Psychology},

address = {Oxford, New York},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{KF:2011,

author = {Marta Kutas and Kara D. Federmeier},

title = {Thirty Years and Counting: Finding Meaning in the N400 Component of the Event-Related Brain Potential (ERP)},

journal = {Annual Review of Psychology},

year = {2011},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {62},

OPTnumber = {number},

pages = {621-647},

doi = {10.1146/annurev.psych.093008.131123},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

Jayez, Jacques (2010). Projective meaning and attachment. In Maria Aloni,

Harald Bastiaanse, Tikitu de Jager and Katrin Schulz (eds.), Logic, Language

and Meaning. Revised Selected Papers of the 17th Amsterdam Colloquium,

Amsterdam 2009, LNAI 6042. Berlin: Springer, pp. 325-334.

@InCollection{Jayez:2010,

author = {Jacques Jayez},

title = {Projective meaning and attachment},

booktitle = {Logic, Language and Meaning. Revised Selected Papers of the 17th Amsterdam Colloquium, Amsterdam 2009},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

pages = {325-334},

publisher = {Springer},

year = {2010},

OPTeditor = {Maria Aloni and Harald Bastiaanse and Tikitu de Jager and Katrin Schulz},

OPTvolume = {volume},

number = {6042},

series = {Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence},

OPTtype = {type},

OPTchapter = {chapter},

address = {Berlin},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{NuthmanandvanderMeer:2005,

author = {Antje Nuthmann and Elke van der Meer},

title = {Time’s arrow and pupillary response},

journal = {Psychophysiology},

year = {2005},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {42},

OPTnumber = {number},

pages = {306–317},

doi ={10.1111/j.1469-8986.2005.00291.x},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@InCollection{Schwarz:2015,

author = {Florian Schwarz},

title = {Presupposition vs. asserted content in online processing},

booktitle = {Experimental Perspectives on Presuppositions},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

pages = {89-108},

publisher = {Springer International Publishing},

year = {2015},

editor = {Florian Schwarz},

OPTvolume = {volume},

number = {45},

series = {Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics},

OPTtype = {type},

OPTchapter = {chapter},

address = {Switzerland},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@InCollection{Kim:2015,

author = {Christina S. Kim},

title = {Presupposition satisfaction, locality and discourse constituency},

booktitle = {Experimental Perspectives on Presuppositions},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

pages = {109-134},

publisher = {Springer International Publishing},

year = {2015},

editor = {Florian Schwarz},

OPTvolume = {volume},

number = {45},

series = {Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics},

OPTtype = {type},

OPTchapter = {chapter},

address = {Switzerland},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{CoppockandBeaver:2014,

author = {Elizabeth Coppock and David Beaver},

title = {Principles of the Exclusive Muddle},

journal = {Journal of Semantics},

year = {2014},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {31},

number = {3},

pages = {371-432},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@InCollection{Winterstein:2011,

author = {Grégoire Winterstein},

title = {The meaning of the additive textit{too}: Presupposition and discourse similarity},

booktitle = {Logic, Language and Computation. 8th International Tbilisi Symposium

on Logic, Language, and Computation, TbiLLC 2009. Revised Selected Papers},

OPTcrossref = {crossref},

OPTkey = {key},

pages = {322-341},

publisher = {Springer Verlag},

year = {2011},

editor = {Nick Bezhanishvili and Sebastian Löbner and Kerstin Schwabe and Luca Spada},

OPTvolume = {volume},

number = {6618},

series = {Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence},

doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-22303-7},

OPTtype = {type},

OPTchapter = {chapter},

address = {Berlin, Heidelberg},

OPTedition = {edition},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{Brouweretal:2012,

author = {Harm Brouwer and Hartmut Fitz and John Hoeks},

title = {Getting real about Semantic Illusions: Rethinking the functional

role of the P600 in language comprehension},

journal = {Brain Research},

year = {2012},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {1446},

OPTnumber = {number},

pages = {127-143},

doi = {10.1016/j.brainres.2012.01.055},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@Article{Franklinetal:2007,

author = {Michael S. Franklin and Joseph Dien and James H. Neely and Elizabeth Huber},

title = {Semantic priming modulates the N400, N300, and N400RP},

journal = {Clinical Neurophysiology},

year = {2007},

OPTkey = {key},

volume = {118},

OPTnumber = {number},

pages = {1053-1068},

doi = {10.1016/j.clinph.2007.01.012},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}

@PhdThesis{Callahan:2009,

author = {Sarah M. Callahan},

title = {A multi-methodological investigation of the processing and interpretation of coordinate sentences involving verb phrase anaphors},

school = {UC San Diego},

year = {2009},

url = {http://escholarship.org/uc/item/42g752wv},

OPTkey = {key},

OPTtype = {type},

OPTaddress = {address},

OPTmonth = {month},

OPTnote = {note},

OPTannote = {annote},

}




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/salt.v26i0.3943

Add comment