Kattobase: The linguistic structure of Japanese baseball chants

Junko Ito, Haruo Kubozono, Armin Mester, Shin'ichi Tanaka

Abstract


On the basis of extensive research, Tanaka (2008) develops a thorough and insightful analysis of Japanese baseball chants of the form

 

                                                  kat   to   ba   se                 X  -  X   -  X

                                                       "let it fly, hit a homerun, X-X-X!"

where "X-X-X" is a rhythmic adaptation of a batter's name (e.g., Kakefu (掛布) > kaa-kee-fuu). The system is of surprising complexity since the kind of rhythmic adaptation a name receives depends in an intricate way on its length. Tanaka shows that a set of three rules is necessary where, for example, the rhythmic alignment of the right edge of the input sometimes targets the last mora (i), sometimes the last syllable of the input (ii, iii):

(i) up to 3 moras: Etoo (江藤)>ee-too-oo, *ee-ee-too, Baasu (Bass)>baa-aa-suu, *baa-suu-uu

(ii) 4 moras: Kiyohara (清原)>kii-yoha-raa, *kiyo-haa-raa, Ichiroo (イチロー)>ii-chii-roo, *ii-chiro-oo

(iii) 5 moras and more: Makudonarudo (MacDonald)>makudo-naru-doo, *maku-donaru-doo, Oosutin (Austin)>oo-osu-tin, *oo-suu-tin, *oo-suti-nn

This paper develops a new analysis within Optimality Theory where the three distinct patterns emerge from a single and unified set of ranked and violable constraints: Depending on the length of the input, different input-output mappings are selected as optimal.

Tanaka, Shin'ichi. 2008. Rizumu/akusento no "yure" to on'in/keitai-kouzou [fluctuation in rhythm and accent and phonological and morphological structure]. Tokyo, Japan: Kurosio Publishing.


Keywords


Optimality Theory; Japanese phonology; chanting

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/amp.v7i0.4470

Copyright (c) 2019 Junko Ito, Haruo Kubozono, Armin Mester, Shin'ichi Tanaka