Kashaya Foot Extrametricality as Post-Accentuation

Eugene Buckley


Kashaya, an endangered Pomoan language of northern California, has an iambic stress pattern, assigned within words and phrases. Accent regularly shifts rightward from a (CV:) foot onto the following foot, including opaque contexts when length is lost or moved by other processes. This paper brings into the analysis a class of lexical triggers of accent shift: specific stems with no long vowels on the surface that nonetheless also trigger this shift. I propose an analysis of all varieties of accent shift as alignment of constituents, requiring the head foot to follow the triggering foot. Particular evidence for alignment comes from the fact that it is blocked by phrasal resyllabification of a word-final consonant. I argue for a unified analysis of all cases that employs a diacritic at the level of the foot, which also provides an account for opacity.


Kashaya; Metrical Phonology; Accent; Extrametricality; Diacritic

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/amp.v7i0.4569

Copyright (c) 2019 Eugene Buckley