Direct and reported speech in Tikar narrative texts

Carol Stanley


In Tikar speech the only participant who must be overtly referred to in one way or another is the speaker. The addressee is frequently omitted. There is an obligatory use of a speech-introducing particle, except in the case where the speaker is simply identified by an anaphoric particle. As for the pronominal reference system, the set used in direct speech is the same as that used in non-speech narrative. In reported speech, there is a set of logophoric pronouns, separate and distinct from the anaphoric pronouns.

Full Text: PDF