Uyghur -ip as a verb linker in multiple constructions

Alexander Sugar

Abstract


Uyghur grammars and linguistic works have traditionally described the -ip morpheme as a suffix that derives adverbs from verbs (Tömür 2003, Tohti 2012). This paper uses structural diagnostics involving passive morphology, single negation and NPI licensing to argue that -ip is a functional head with multiple syntactically distinct roles in different structures. The distinct properties of these structures, according to the types of verbs that are linked by -ip, provide evidence against a uniform derivational process of adverb formation. In some case -ip allows for adjunction of a TP-sized constituent, suggesting it may be a non-finite T head. In other cases it allows for adjunction of a verb phrase, and in yet another case it creates a lexical verb + auxiliary sequence in a monoclausal structure. I suggest that -ip in the latter two cases may be an event head. 


Keywords


Uyghur; syntax; multi-verb constructions; serial verb constructions; auxiliaries; event; -ip; monoclausal

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/plsa.v2i0.4060

Copyright (c) 2017 Alexander Sugar

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