A compositional approach to conjunct agreement in Turkish


  • Yılmaz Köylü Indiana University




This article presents novel empirical evidence on verbal agreement patterns observed in conjunction phrases (CPs) in Turkish. To account for the discrepancies observed in native speaker preferences in agreement paradigms in CPs, two experimental tasks were carried out: namely an acceptability judgment task and a forced choice task. Based on the results, it is proposed that there is compositional conjunct agreement in Turkish that takes place in two stages. The agreement relationship is first established between the Agreement head and the coordinated phrase in the syntax. Then, the PF spells out the features of either the coordinated phrase, or the features of the linearly closest conjunct inside the coordinated phrase. I argue that Full Agreement (FA) results from the Spec-head agreement with the CP, whereby the features of both conjuncts are resolved and inherited to the CP (Johannessen 1996). In Closest Conjunct Agreement (CCA), on the other hand, the agreeing head has asymmetric access to one of the prominent conjuncts or its features (Bošković 2009; Johannessen 1998; Munn 1993, 1999; Benmamoun 1992). Thus, in CCA in Turkish, the agreement is with the linearly closest conjunct and the features of that conjunct appear on the verb.

Author Biography

  • Yılmaz Köylü, Indiana University
    Yilmaz Koylu is a PhD candidate in the Department of Second Language Studies and Linguistics at Indiana University. His interests lie in the domains of first and second language acquisition, syntax, semantics, and Turkish linguistics. More specifically, he is interested in syntax-semantics interface, NP syntax and semantics, genericity, and mass/count noun distinction across languages.




How to Cite

Köylü, Yılmaz. 2018. “A Compositional Approach to Conjunct Agreement in Turkish”. Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America 3 (1): 17:1–12. https://doi.org/10.3765/plsa.v3i1.4298.