The influence of language background and exposure on phonetic accommodation

Authors

  • Naomi Enzinna Cornell University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3765/plsa.v3i1.4333

Keywords:

accommodation, voice onset time, VOT, exposure, priming, speech community, bilingualism, Miami, Spanish, English, referential communication task

Abstract

This study examines whether language background, short-term exposure to monolingual and bilingual speech, and long-term exposure to monolingual and bilingual speech influences speech accommodation. To address this question, I examine whether English monolinguals and Spanish-English bilinguals, either from a predominately monolingual community or a predominately bilingual community, vary their speech when interacting with a monolingual English speaker versus a Spanish-English bilingual speaker. Additionally, I examine whether speakers are more likely to converge after being primed with monolingual English or Spanish-English bilingual speech. To test this, participants complete an interactive communication task, where they are presented with a 6x6 board on a computer screen and asked questions about the words on the board, which contain variables that differ in English and Spanish. Results show that both language background and long-term exposure to monolingual or bilingual speech in a speaker's speech community influence accommodation.

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Published

2018-03-03

How to Cite

Enzinna, Naomi. 2018. β€œThe Influence of Language Background and Exposure on Phonetic Accommodation”. Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America 3 (1): 41:1–15. https://doi.org/10.3765/plsa.v3i1.4333.