Syntax Prosody in Optimality Theory (SPOT) app tutorial


  • Jennifer Bellik University of California, Santa Cruz
  • Nick Kalivoda Lund University



Optimality Theory, syntax-prosody interface, prosody, typology, SPOT, OTWorkplace


SPOT (Syntax Prosody in Optimality Theory app; automates candidate generation and evaluation for work on the syntax-prosody interface. SPOT is intended to facilitate the creation and comparison of multiple versions of an analysis, in service of refining constraint definitions and theory development. The codebase is available at This paper briefly explains the motivation for the SPOT app, then walks through the process of creating an analysis in SPOT. We show how to create input syntactic trees, either manually or automatically; how to select a constraint set; and how to generate tableaux with candidates, constraints, and violation counts. Finally, we show how to use the output of SPOT to calculate rankings and typologies using an OT application.

Author Biographies

  • Jennifer Bellik, University of California, Santa Cruz
    Jennifer Bellik is a postdoctoral researcher and lecturer in the Linguistics Department at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
  • Nick Kalivoda, Lund University
    Nick Kalivoda is a postdoc at the Division of Linguistics and Cognitive Semiotics at the University of Lund.




How to Cite

Bellik, Jennifer, and Nick Kalivoda. 2021. “Syntax Prosody in Optimality Theory (SPOT) App Tutorial”. Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America 6 (1): 243–253.