Ellipsis requires syntactic and semantic identity. Evidence from Fragment Questions in Spanish


  • Laura Stigliano The University of Chicago




ellipsis, identity, fragment questions, Spanish


Based on novel data from an understudied type of ellipsis in Spanish-which I refer to as Fragment Questions-I argue for the need of both semantic and syntactic identity conditions to license ellipsis. In particular the TP is subject to syntactic identity, and the domain above that is subject to semantic identity. Fragment Questions are elliptical sentences interpreted as wh-questions. They have a follow-up meaning and, unlike other types of sentential ellipsis, they require a wh-phrase to go unpronounced, although there's no explicit wh-question or wh-phrase in the antecedent. In this paper, I analyze Fragment Questions as the result of ellipsis of a wh-question from which a Contrastive Topic has moved.

Author Biography

  • Laura Stigliano, The University of Chicago
    Department of Linguistics




How to Cite

Stigliano, Laura. 2021. “Ellipsis Requires Syntactic and Semantic Identity. Evidence from Fragment Questions in Spanish”. Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America 6 (1): 619–627. https://doi.org/10.3765/plsa.v6i1.4997.