Meh contributes VERUM: A study of biased questions in colloquial Singapore English


  • Gregory Antono University of Toronto



biased questions, non-canonical questions, discourse particles, Singapore English, Asian Englishes


This paper analyzes the contribution of the meh particle in biased questions in Colloquial Singapore English (CSE). Canonical CSE questions can be formed with inversion, or with declaratives with rising intonation (maintaining neutrality), while non-canonical questions typically require discourse particles. Meh occurs clause-finally (It’s raining meh?) and has been described to mark questions and express skepticism, encoding the opposite of what the speaker thinks to be true. Drawing from Romero and Han (2004), I propose that meh contributes the meta-conversational operator verum, which triggers the existence of an epistemic implicature.

Author Biography

  • Gregory Antono, University of Toronto
    PhD student, Department of Linguistics




How to Cite

Antono, Gregory. 2022. “Meh Contributes VERUM: A Study of Biased Questions in Colloquial Singapore English”. Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America 7 (1): 5238.