Current norms and best practices for collecting and representing sex/gender in linguistics: Towards ethical and inclusive methodologies


  • Cooper Bedin UCSB Linguistics
  • Montreal Benesch Independent scholar
  • Marina Zhukova UCSB Linguistics
  • Lal Zimman UCSB Linguistics



sex/gender, data collection, methodology, human subjects research, data management, sociology of linguistics


Amid changing ideas about sex and gender, there is a growing need to reexamine norms around their operationalization and theorization. This talk presents results from a survey exploring linguists’ practices for collecting information about research participants’ sex/gender. Based on 157 complete responses to date, we explore the popularity of different methods for gathering information about sex/gender and the methodological and theoretical implications of those choices. We closely analyze the way questions around sex/gender are formulated and differences among linguists by subfield, training, identities, and gender politics, and offer best practices for ethical and inclusive approaches.


Additional Files



How to Cite

Bedin, Cooper, Montreal Benesch, Marina Zhukova, and Lal Zimman. 2024. “Current Norms and Best Practices for Collecting and Representing Sex Gender in Linguistics: Towards Ethical and Inclusive Methodologies”. Proceedings of the Linguistic Society of America 9 (1): 5668.