'Have', 'with' and 'without'

Bert Le Bruyn, Henriëtte de Swart, Joost Zwarts


The research reported in this paper is part of our attempt to get to a deeper understanding of why 'with' and 'without' are special prepositions in taking singular bare nouns more easily than other prepositions. The paper focuses on the semantics of existential and incorporation 'have', which we take to be the same and to constitute the verbal counterpart of 'with' and 'without'. We propose existential/incorporation 'have' builds relations: it selects one-place predicates and turns them into two-place predicates.


Existential 'have'; Incorporation 'have'; Bare nouns; 'With' and 'Without'

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.3765/salt.v23i0.2686

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