An illocutionary account of reportative evidentials in imperatives

Scott AnderBois

Abstract


This paper provides a detailed analysis of reportative evidentials in imperative sentences, drawing on original fieldwork in Tagalog and Yucatec Maya. Previous literature presents two distinct views of such sentences, which we dub `imperative-by-proxy' and `neutral report' views. Based on a range of data across different  sorts of imperatives uses in different sorts of contexts, we argue for a version of the `imperative-by-proxy' theory and proposal a formal analysis with theory of illocutionary updates.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aikhenvald, Alexandra. 2004. Evidentiality. Oxford University Press.

Aikhenvald, Alexandra. 2010. Imperatives and commands. Oxford University Press.

AnderBois, Scott. 2012. Indefiniteness and the typology of implicit arguments. In Nathan Arnett & Ryan Bennett (eds.), Proceedings of West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics (WCCFL) 30, 43–53.

AnderBois, Scott. 2014. On the exceptional status of reportative evidentials. In Proceedings of Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) 24, 234–254.

AnderBois, Scott. 2016. Semantics and pragmatics of (not-)at -issueness in Yucatec Maya attitude reports. Semantics & Pragmatics 9(19).

AnderBois, Scott. ms. Illocutionary revelations: Yucatec maya bakáan and the typology of miratives.

Bittner, Maria. 2014. Temporality. John Wiley and Sons.

Ceong, Hailey Hyekyeong. 2016. Korean hearsay constructions and speech act phrases. In Proceedings of the 2016 Annual conference of the Canadian Linguistic Association.

Condoravdi, Cleo & Sven Lauer. 2012. Imperatives: meaning and illocutionary force. In Empirical Issues in Syntax and Semantics 9, .

Faller, Martina. 2002. Semantics and pragmatics of evidentials in Cuzco Quechua: Stanford PhD dissertation.

Faller, Martina. 2007. The cusco quechua reportative evidential and rhetorical relations. Linguistiche Berichte 14. 223–252.

Farkas, Donka & Kim Bruce. 2010. On reacting to assertions and polar questions. Journal of Semantics 27(1). 81–118.

Farkas, Donka & Floris Roelofsen. 2015. Polarity particle responses as a window onto the interpretation of questions and assertions. Language 91(2). 359–414.

Fillmore, Charles. 1969. Types of lexical information. In Studies in syntax and semantics, 109–137. Reidel.

von Fintel, Kai & Sabine Iatridou. t.a. A modest proposal for the meaning of imperatives. Ms, submitted to a volume on Modality across syntactic categories (Oxford University Press), ed. by Ana Arregui, Marisa Rivero, and Andrés Pablo Salanova.

Frank, Anette. 1996. Context dependence in modal constructions: University of Stuttgart PhD dissertation.

Gunlogson, Christine. 2001. True to form: Rising and falling declaratives as questions in English: UCSC PhD dissertation.

Hamblin, C.L. 1987. Imperatives. Basil Blackwell.

Heim, Irene. 1992. Presupposition projection and the semantics of attitude verbs. Journal of Semantics 9. 183–221.

INEGI, Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. 2009. Perfil sociodemográfico de la población que habla lengua indígena. Online at: http://www.inegi.org.mx.

Kaufmann, Magdalena. 2012. Interpreting imperatives. Springer.

Kierstead, Gregory. 2015. Projectivity and the Tagalog reportative evidential. The Ohio State University MA thesis.

Korotkova, Natalia. 2016. Heterogeneity and uniformity in the evidential domain: UCLA PhD dissertation.

Korotkova, Natasha. 2015. Evidentials and (relayed) speech acts: Hearsay as quotation. In Proceedings of SALT 25, 676–694.

Laughren, Mary. 1982. A preliminary description of propositional particles in Warlpiri. In Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, Australian Aborigines Branch A 6, 129–163. SIL.

Lim, Dong Sik. 2010. Evidentials and interrogatives: a case study from Korean: USC PhD dissertation.

Lucy, John. 1993. Metapragmatic presentationals: Reporting speech with quotatives in Yucatec Maya. In John Lucy (ed.), Reflexive Language: reported speech and metapragmatics, 91–125. Cambridge University Press.

Murray, Sarah. 2010. Evidentiality and the structure of speech acts: Rutgers PhD dissertation.

Murray, Sarah. 2011. A Hamblin semantics for evidentials. In Proceedings from Semantics and Linguistic Theory (SALT) XIX (2009), 324–341. CLC Publications.

Murray, Sarah. 2014. Varieties of update. Semantics & Pragmatics 7(2). 1–53.

Schachter, Paul & Fe T. Otanes. 1972. Tagalog Reference Grammar. University of California Press.

Schwager, Magdalena. 2010. On what has been said in Tagalog. In Evidence from evidentials, 221–246. University of British Columbia Working Papers in Linguistics.

Starr, William. 2013. A preference semantics for imperatives. Ms. Cornell.

Thomas, Guillaume. 2014. Embedded imperatives in Mbyá. In Proceedings of NELS 43, 181–194. Graduate Linguistic Student Association of the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Villalta, Elisabeth. 2008. Mood and gradability: an investigation of the subjunctive mood in spanish. Linguistics and Philosophy 31. 467–522.

Wilkins, David P. 1989. A grammar of Mparntwe Arrernte: Australian National University PhD dissertation.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/salt.v27i0.4172