Types of pluractionality and plurality across domains in ʔayʔaǰuθəm

Gloria Mellesmoen, Marianne Huijsmans


In this paper, we examine two markers of verbal plurality, C1C2 reduplication

and ablaut, in PayPaju8@m, a Central Salish language. C1C2 reduplication

marks event external pluractionality, where subevents are distributed in both space

and time. It also applies in the nominal domain creating a plurality of individuals, but

does not impose temporal or spatial distribution in the nominal domain. Following

Henderson (2012, 2017), we propose that events are individuated through their temporal

and spatial traces, so that events distribute in order to pluralize, whereas this

is not required in the nominal domain. Ablaut marks event-internal pluractionality

where subevents are grouped into a larger whole (Wood 2007; Henderson 2012,

2017). While ablaut pluractionals typically involve numerous subevents that are

closely spaced in time, they can involve as few as two subevents and do not require

strict adjacency of all subevents. We propose that they denote an atomic group

event that is mapped to a plurality of events via a membership function (Barker

1992). This contrasts with event-internal pluractionals that require a high number of

temporally adjacent subevents and have been analyzed as being grouped through

their temporal configuration (Henderson 2012, 2017), indicating that there is more

than one way to group events, just as there is more than one way to group individuals

in the nominal domain (Barker 1992; Henderson 2012, 2017).

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.3765/salt.v29i0.4599

Copyright (c) 2019 Gloria Mellesmoen, Marianne Huijsmans