Metrical Tone Shift and Spread in Harmonic Serialism

Jeroen Breteler

Abstract


This paper proposes a framework for the analysis of bounded tone patterns, where tone shifts or spreads across a small distance. The framework starts from the idea that foot structure drives such tone processes, with foot edges acting as targets for tone association. To account for trisyllabic patterns, a theory of layered foot representation is adopted (Kager 2012, Martinez-Paricio 2013). In addition, to account for the opacity of foot-driven tone shift, the analysis is cast in Harmonic Serialism (Prince & Smolensky 1993, McCarthy 2000). Lastly, the paper presents a set of licensing and structural markedness constraints to derive the desired patterns. The approach is successfully applied to the default tone pattern of tbe Saghala noun phrase (Patin 2009), which shows a combination of shifting and spreading over a trisyllabic domain.

Keywords


Tone; Bounded tone; Foot structure; Layered feet; Harmonic Serialism; Saghala

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bickmore, Lee S (1996). Bantu tone spreading and displacement as alignment and minimal misalignment.

Bickmore, Lee S & Nancy C Kula (2013). Ternary spreading and the OCP in Copperbelt Bemba. Studies in African Linguistics 42:2.

Breteler, Jeroen (forthcoming). Metrical tone shift and spread in Harmonic Serialism: the case of Saghala.

Cassimjee, Farida & Charles Kisseberth (1998). Optimal domains theory and bantu tonology. Kisseberth, Charles & Larry Hyman (eds.), Theoretical aspects of Bantu tone, CSLI, 33--132.

Clements, George N (1984). Binding domains in Kikuyu. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 14:2.

Cole, Jennifer & Charles Kisseberth (1994). An optimal domains theory of harmony. Studies in the Linguistic Sciences 24:2, 1--13.

Inkelas, Sharon & Cheryl Zoll (2007). Is grammar dependence real? A comparison between cophonological and indexed constraint approaches to morphologically conditioned phonology.

Kager, Rene (1994). Ternary rhythm in alignment theory.

Kager, Rene (1999). Optimality Theory. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Key, Michael (2007). Headed spans and Bantu tonology 1.

Key, Michael & Lee Bickmore (2014). Headed tone spans: binarity and minimal overlap. Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies 32:1, 35--53.

Kiparsky, Paul (2000). Opacity and cyclicity. Linguistic review 17:2-4, 351--365.

Kisseberth, Charles W (1993). Optimal domains: A theory of Bantu tone (a case study from Isixhosa). Rutgers Optimality Workshop I.

Lakoff, George(1993). Cognitive phonology. Goldsmith, John(ed.), The last phonological rule: reflections on constraints and derivations, University of Chicago Press, 117--145.

Martinez-Paricio, Violeta (2013). An exploration of minimal and maximal metrical feet. Ph.D. thesis.

Martinez-Paricio, Violeta & Rene Kager (forthcoming). Non-intervention constraints and the binary-to-ternary rhythmic continuum.

McCarthy, John J (2004). Headed spans and autosegmental spreading. Linguistics Department Faculty Publication Series 42.

McCarthy, John J (2010). An introduction to Harmonic Serialism. Language and Linguistics Compass 4:10, 1001--1018.

McCarthy, John J, Kevin Mullin & Brian W Smith (2012). Implications of Harmonic Serialism for lexical tone association. Botma, Bert & Roland Noske (eds.), Phonological Explorations. Empirical, Theoretical and Diachronic Issues, De Gruyter, 265--297.

Odden, David (2001). Tone shift and spread in Taita I. Studies in African Linguistics 30:1, p. 1.

Patin, Cedric (2002). Aspects du systeme accentuel du Saghala (dialecte Teri). Master’s thesis, Universite Sorbonne-Nouvelle.

Patin, Cedric (2009). Tone shift and tone spread in the Saghala noun phrase. Faits de langues :1.

Prince, Alan S (1980). A metrical theory for Estonian quantity. Linguistic Inquiry 511--562.

Prince, Alan & Paul Smolensky (1993). Optimality Theory: Constraint interaction in generative grammar.

Selkirk, Elisabeth O (1980). The role of prosodic categories in English word stress. Linguistic inquiry 563--605.

Sietsema, Brian Mark (1989). Metrical dependencies in tone assignment. Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3765/amp.v2i0.3758

Copyright (c) 2016 Jeroen Breteler